America: A Hymnal is made up of 100 versions of My Country 'Tis of Thee written from the 18th-20th c. Each re-writing in support of a passionately held causefrom temperance and suffrage to abolition and even the Confederacy articulates a version of what it means to be American. While the differing lyrics remain legible, the hymnal's unifying tune has been burned and etched away. Bound and executed in the likeness of a shape note hymnal, in its many lyrical variations, "America: A Hymnal" is a chronological retelling of American history, politics and culture through one song.
Written by the Rev. Samuel F. Smith in 1831, My Country Tis of Thee (also known as America) debuted on July 4, 1831. Long before Smiths lyrics were sung aloud, the tune for America served as the national anthem for at least six other countries, including the United Kingdoms God Save the Queen. And since Smiths writing, the lyrics of My Country Tis of Thee have been re-titled and re-written at least one hundred times.
In 1839, the familiar lines of My country tis of thee / Sweet land of liberty, morphed into the mournful verse:
My country! tis of thee, Stronghold of Slavery, Of thee I sing: Land where my fathers died, Where men mans rights deride, From every mountainside, Thy deeds shall ring.